The Cold War 1943-1991

Timeline created by DavidStephen95
In History
  • The Teheran Conference

    The Teheran Conference
    Ended: December 1st, 1943
    Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill
    Decisions:
    A united nations organisation was to be set up.
    The USSR was to wage war on Japan upon Germany's defeat.
    A section of Eastern Poland was to be given the the USSR to act as a buffer zone.
    UK and USA were to open up a second front against Germany in France in May 1944.
  • The Percentages Deal

    The Percentages Deal
    The percentages agreement was an alleged agreement between Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill about how to divide southeastern Europe into spheres of influence. Country, GB, USSR
    Romania, 10%, 90%
    Greece, 90%, 10%
    Yugoslavia, 50%, 50%
    Hungary, 50%, 50%
    Bulgaria, 25%, 75%
  • The Yalta Conference

    The Yalta Conference
    Ended: February 11.
    Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt.
    Agreements:
    Germany/Berlin was to be divided into four zones.
    Nazi-war criminals were to be hunted down.
    Liberated countries were to be given free elections.
    To join the UN, to maintain peace after WW2. Disagreements:
    How much Germany was to pay for reparations, they didn't want a repeat of the treaty of versailles.
    How much control Stalin was going to have over Poland.
  • Harry S. Truman Becomes President

    Harry S. Truman Becomes President
  • The Potsdam Conference

    The Potsdam Conference
    Churchill (replaced by Attlee due to the UK general elections during the conference), Truman (replaced Roosevelt after he died of a cerebral hemorrhage in april 1945), and Stalin.
    Due to 2/3 of the big three being replaced, Stalin had two new people to contend with and it would be harder for them to come up with a conclusive decision.
  • United States First Use of The Atomic Bomb

    United States First Use of The Atomic Bomb
    By executive order of President Harry S. Truman, the US dropped the nuclear weapon "Little Boy" on the city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, followed by the detonation of "Fat Man" over Nagasaki on August 9.
    Although many people died in the initial bombings, survivors were left to survive under harsh conditions, most without families and many to eventually die a slow and painful death of radiation poisoning. HQ version of this event's image:
    http://www.aasc.ucla.edu/cab/200708230009.html
  • Japan Surrenders, WW2 ends

    Japan Surrenders, WW2 ends
    The Japanese surrender brought WW2 to a close. With the shock from the nuclear bombings at Hiroshima and Nagasaki still on their minds and the soviets attacking (to fulfill their agreement from the Teheran and Yalta conferences) Emperor Hirohito intervened and ordered the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War to accept the terms for ending the war that the Allies had set down in the Potsdam Declaration. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surrender_of_Japan
  • Churchill Delivers "Iron Curtain" Speech

    Churchill Delivers "Iron Curtain" Speech
    Winston Churchill gave the his speech "the sinews of Peace", in which he talked about the separation of western and eastern countries, refering to those behind the curtain being a part of the "Soviet sphere". A full transcript of the speech can be found here:
    http://www.historyguide.org/europe/churchill.html
  • Introduction of Cominform

    Introduction of Cominform
    (I was unable to find whhen during 1947 cominform was introduced, this is all I know)
    The COMmunist INFORMation bureau was set up to co-ordinate communist parties throughout Europe.
    Cominform was the Soviet response to the Truman doctrine. it was introduced to ensure that the states in Eastern Europe:
    1. Followed soviet aims in foreign policy.
    2. Introduced collectivisation and state control of industry.
  • Marshal Plan is announced

    Marshal Plan is announced
    Rebuilding and creating a stronger economic foundation for the countries of Europe. The US policy of sending money and offering aid to european countries to recover from WW2. It's intent was to stop the spread of communism, because the poorer countries were becoming communist.
  • Communist Takeover In Czechoslovakia

    Communist Takeover In Czechoslovakia
    1946: Communist party were the largest in the coalition government. They also had control over the police and the army.
    1948: Supported by the Soviet Union, the communist party used the army to seize control. Rigged elections brought a communist victory. Soon after, all other political parties were banned.
  • [incomplete] Berlin Blockade Begins

  • [Incomplete] Mao Zedong, a communist dictator takes control in China

  • [Incomplete] Soviets Explode First Atmoc Bomb

  • Georgy Malenkov Becomes Leader of The USSR

    Georgy Malenkov Becomes Leader of The USSR
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower Elected President

    Dwight D. Eisenhower Elected President
  • Nikita Khrushchev Becomes Leader of The USSR

    Nikita Khrushchev Becomes Leader of The USSR
  • [Incomplete] Warsaw Pact Formed

  • [Incomplete] Sputnik launched into orbit

  • [Incomplete] Cuba taken over by communist leader Fidel Castro

  • [Incomplete]Khrushchev visists the USA

  • John F. Kennedy Elected President

    John F. Kennedy Elected President
  • [incomplete]The bay of bigs fiasco

  • [incomplete]The border between East and West Berlin closed

  • [Incomplete] Construction of the Berlin Wall begins

  • [incomplete]President Kennedy assasinated in Dallas

  • Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President

    Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President
  • Leonid Brezhnev Becomes Leader of The USSR

    Leonid Brezhnev Becomes Leader of The USSR
  • [incomplete]Soviet troops crush Czechoslovakian revolt

  • Richard Nixon Elected President

    Richard Nixon Elected President
  • [incomplete]Apollo 11 lands on the Moon

  • [incomplete] President Nixon extends Vietnam war to Cambodia

  • [incomplete]SALT I Agreement signed

  • [incomplete]End of the Vietnam War

  • [incomplete]President Nixon resigns

  • Gerald Ford Becomes President

    Gerald Ford Becomes President
  • Jimmy Carter Elected President

    Jimmy Carter Elected President
  • [incomplete]SALT II Agreeement signed

  • Ronald Reagan Elected President

    Ronald Reagan Elected President
  • Yuri Andropov Becomes Leader of The USSR

    Yuri Andropov Becomes Leader of The USSR
  • [incomplete]President Reagan proposes Strategic Defense Initiative

  • Konstantin Chermenko Becomes Leader of The USSR

    Konstantin Chermenko Becomes Leader of The USSR
  • Mikhail Gorbachev Becomes Leader of The USSR

    Mikhail Gorbachev Becomes Leader of The USSR
  • [incomplete]Reagan and Gorbachev remove all intermediate nuclear missiles from Europe

  • [incomplete]Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan

  • [incomplete]The Fall of the Berlin Wall

    -check if dates are right future David
  • [incomplete]Germany Reunited

  • [incomplete]Warsaw Pact ends